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a. What is lupus nephritis?

Lupus nephritis is inflammation of the kidney caused by SLE. When kidneys are inflamed, they fail to function properly and can cause protein leakage. more than 50 percentage lupus patients develop nephritis. Based on the intensity of nephritis it is further classified.

b. Body symptoms:
Urine – foamy and dark urine
High blood pressure
Increase in body weight,
Swelling – ( especially in extremities like feet, ankle, hands and eyelids)
Increased urination especially at night
blood in the urine, sometimes blood in the stool
May or may not be associated with fever

c. Diagnosing methods
Urine test – test for proteinurea, 24Hour Urine Protein
Blood test – GFR test, Creatinine
Imaging tests like ultrasound
Kidney(Renal) Biopsy

D. Treatment options
Corticosteroids
Immunosuppressants
Drugs to prevent blood clots
Drugs to maintain blood pressure

Treatment may vary from person to person based on the intensity of the disease.
If both the kidneys fail, dialysis and kidney transplant is recommended.

E. Suggested Diet
Low salt intake
Low protein intake
No Red meat
Low water intake (only if prescribed)

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